Named after Them
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Pritytsky Sergei Osipovich
S. O. Pritytsky is a Belarusian statesman and politician. He was one of the organizers of the Komsomol underground and partisan movement in Belarus during the Great Patriotic War. He was a colonel.
Pritytsky was born on January 19, 1913 in the village Garkovichi in Grodno Region into a peasant family. In May 1926 he finished the primary school and worked as a farm labourier in his village.
He was awarded four Orders of Lenin for his partisan struggle in Belarus in 1943 and in Poland in 1945. He was also awarded a number of medals. In 1941 he took part in building fortifications near Mogilyov and Gomel. In 1944-1945 he headed the staff of the partisan movement in Poland. In 1949-1962 he was the First Secretary of Grodno, Baranovichi, Molodechno and Minsk Regional Councils of the Communist Party of Belarus. In 1962-1968 Pritytsky was the Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Belarus, the Chairman of the Committee of the State-Party Control and the Deputy-Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the BSSR. In 1968 he became the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the BSSR.
He died on June 13,1971 at the age of 58 and was buried in Minsk in Eastern cemetery.
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Ivan Danilovich Chernyakhovsky
Ivan Danilovich Chernyakhovsky was born in the village of Oksanino, Uman district, Kiev province (today Cherkasy region, Ukraine) into a family of railwaymen. In 1919 he worked as a shepherd, in 1920 he was a worker at the cement plant in Novorossijsk.
Chernyakhovsky was the youngest Front commander in the Red Army. On the 28th of June in 1944 at the age of 38 he was given the title of a Soviet General of the Army (the youngest ever to have this rank). hn the 29th of July in 1944 He was also awarded the medal "The gold Star” for successful tactic during the liberation of Vitebsk, Minsk and Vilnyus.
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Vera Kharuzhaya (September 27, 1903 - November 1942) was a Belarusian Communist writer and activist.
Vera Kharuzhaya was born in Babruysk into the family of an administrative worker. In 1919 she graduated from a workers school in Mazyr and began to work as a teacher in a public school.
Since 1920 Kharuzhaya had actively participated in anti-Polish partisan movement, being a Political commissar of local Komsomol branches in the areas of Mazyr and Babruysk in Eastern Belarus.
In 1922-1923 she worked in the administration of the Central Committee of the Komsomol of Belarus, also working in several Belarusian Soviet newspapers.
After graduating from the senior communist party school, in February 1924 she was sent to West Belarus, then part of the Second Polish Republic, where she was appointed member of the Central Committee of the Komsomol of West Belarus and printed several illegal Belarusian communist newspapers.
In September 1925 Kharuzhaya was arrested and sentenced to 8 years of prison. In 1932 she was handed over to the USSR in exchange for a political prisoner kept in a Soviet prison.
In 1935 Kharuzhaya was excluded from the Communist party following her husband reporting her to the authorities. In 1937 she was arrested by the NKVD and spent two years in prison. In August 1939 Kharuzhaya was released.
After the German attack on the USSR Kharuzhaya joined a partisan unit. In November 1942 she was arrested and eventually executed by the Germans.
In 1960 Kharuzhaya was posthumously granted the title Hero of the Soviet Union, on that occasion one of the streets in the centre of Minsk has been renamed by the Soviets in honour of Kharuzhaya.
Today one of the streets in Molodechno takes its name after Vera Kharuzhaya.
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Fyodor Grigoryevich Markov
Fyodor Markov is the commander of the Minsk regional partisan brigade named after Voroshilov, a colonel. He was born on December 24th in the village of Kochanishkis in Vilna province (now it’s Lithuania) in the peasant family.
Markov graduated from the Teacher’s Seminary in 1934 and later worked as a teacher. He carried out the underground struggle in the Western Belorussia. During the period of 1936-1939 Markov was imprisoned for his revolutionary activity and in 1939 discharged by the Soviet troops. After this Markov worked as a vice- chairman of the regional executive committee in Vileyka.
When the Great Patriotic War began, Markov joined the Red Army in the company of the Western battlefront. He also took part in the defensive frontier battle in Belorussia. In August 1941 Markov was withdrawn from the front line and began to serve on the home front in Vileyka region. There he served as a commander of a partisan unit. In October 1942 they organized an echelon derailment (railway Vilnus-Dvinsk). In April 1942 they carried out the assassination of the high-rank German officer August von Beck and his suit. In May 1942 Markov was appointed a commander of the Minsk regional partisan brigade named after Voroshilov which acted in Vileyka region and Sventseyansk district. Until the region was liberated, Markov worked as a secretary of clandestine regional committee. In 1944 The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR awarded Markov to the Lenin order and to the medal "Golden Star” as well as the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union.
In 1948 Markov graduated from the High Party School. Till his death in 1958 he was a vice-chairman of Vileyka and Molodechno regional executive committees. He was buried in Molodechno. In this town one can find a bust to Markov. There are streets named after Markov in Molodechno, Vileyka, Postavy, Lyntupy, Myadel.
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Pyotr Mironovich Masherov
Pyotr Mironovich Masherov (26.02.1918-04.10.1980), the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of BSSR, the hero of the Soviet Union (1944). P.M. Masherov was the leader of the partisan detachment named after N.A. Schors, the first secretary of Vileyka underground regional council of Byelorussian komsomol; the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Byelorussian Communist Party. He was born in the villageof Shyrky (Vitebsk region) in the family of peasants. In 1939 graduated from Vitebskpedagogical institute named after S.M. Kirov. From August 15, 1939 to June 22, 1941 was working as a teacher of physics and mathematics in Rossony secondary school that is in Vitebsk region, Belarus.
At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War Masherov set up and headed the underground komsomol organization in Rossony district. In April 1942 he became a leader of the partisan detachment named after N.A. Schors, in March 1943- a leader of the partisan brigade named after K.K. Rokossovsky and at the same time – the first secretary of Vileyka underground regional council of Byelorussian komsomol. According to the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR(August 15, 1944) "for the heroism and courage in the fight against fascist invaders” Masherov was awarded the title of a Hero of the Soviet Union. In 1944-1954 Masherov is at komsomol work, 1944-1946 – the first secretary of Molodechno regional council, in 1946-1954 – a secretary, then the first secretary of the Central Committee of komsomol in Byelorussia. In 1954-1959 P.M. Masherov is the second secretary of Minskregional party council, then the first secretary of Brest regional party council. In 1959 – a secretary, the second secretary, in 1965-1980 – the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Belorussia. According to the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (February 10, 1978) "for the great services to the Communist Party and the Soviet society, and in connection with the 60th anniversary” P.M. Masherov was awarded the title of a Hero of Socialist Labour.
The first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia P.M. Masherov perished in an accident in October 4, 1980 not far from the town of Smolevichy. He was buried in Minsk at Moscovsky cemetery in October 7, 1950. In spite of the rain thousands of people came to take leave of P.M Masherov, thousands were standing along the whole way to the cemetery.
P.M. Masherov was awarded with seven orders of Lenin and medals. In Vitebsk, Zamkovaya street there is a bronze bust to the Hero of the Soviet Unionand Socialist Labour P.M. Masherov.
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Andrey Ivanovich Volynets
Andrey Ivanovich Volynets was born in January 1904 in the village Zheltki Vileika district, Belarus. He was born in a peasant family and started his career at the age of thirteen. In 1926 he finished the regimental artillery school in Novo- Vileika. In 1934 he became a member of the underground Communist Party of Western Belarus. Later Volynets was arrested by the Polish authorities and sent to prison in Vileika. In September 17, 1939 he was released from custody due to the Red Army entry into Western Belarus. After that Andrey Volynets got down to the realization of his old dream – draining of the swamp near his native village. Soon turf plant "Zheltki” was created in place of impassable swamps. The new enterprise under Volynets guidance supplied cheap fuel to Vileika, Molodechno and the surrounding villages. The energetic boss planned to create a power station at the plant, ordered a locomobile from Miory sawmill.
World War II destroyed all the plans. During the occupation of Vileika by the Nazi army Volynets organized a patriotic anti-Nazi group. Since autumn 1941 Volynets group had began to conduct acts of sabotage: attacks on police posts, destruction of telegraph lines, derailing of Nazi trains. Later the group moved to Pleshchenitsy district and became the platoon of partisan brigade "Public Avengers”. The partisans smashed enemy garrisons in Olkovichi and Zembin. In August 15, 1944 according to the decree of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Council A.I. Volynets was awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union. He was awarded the title for special achievements in the development of Belarusian partisan movement, for exemplary performance of the governmental orders during the struggle against Nazi invaders, for courage and bravery.
After the war the former commander of the partisan brigade was in charge of the local economy restoration. First he was appointed Chairman of Vileyka Town Council, then he hold responsible posts in Vileyka and Molodechno District Councils, in Minsk Regional Council.
In 1944-1945 A.I. Volynets was a member of the State Committee for Resettlement of Belarusians from Poland to the BSSR. Andrey Volynets died March 30, 1965. In 2004 (the year of the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Belarus) Vileika residents unveiled a memorial plaque in honour of their famous countryman. There is also a monument to the hero in Molodechno.